FMP Proposal

Candidate

Name

 

Holly Tyne

Candidate Number 62246
Pathway

 

Fine Art / Photography
Project Title  The Body
Section 1: Review (Approx 150 words)
Throughout Units 5 and Units 6 I focused on the human physique. My main focal point being the male figure – primarily body-builders. Initially I focused my attentions on fictional idealised characters. I am particularly interested in Marvel comics and how they portray the physiques of their characters. Following on from this I began to research more heavily into bodybuilding and people with idealised figures. From discussing my ideas and using my research I produced three large paintings using acrylic on canvas. The paintings included The Hulk, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Chris Hoy. Each painting is completely different with regards to colour and positioning of my main image, however, I feel it is still in keeping with my interest in the idealised figure and I feel this would be clear to the viewer when looking at the paintings as a collection. Considering I had not worked closely with paints previously to this, I felt very pleased with what I had created and achieved and from this grew in confidence and feel I can now produce further paintings on a bigger scale.
Section 2: Project Concept (approx 250 words)
For my Unit 7 FMP I will continue to research further and produce work using the human physique as my main focus. I will look more closely at women as well as men with regards to variation and contrast. I want to move away from conventional ideas of the physique and interpret my own views into a more modern outcome. Historically painters were always men and they used real life subjects to create their work. The male body was always rendered with that idealised, muscular physique and females were portrayed with curvaceous, feminine bodies. I am interested to see how today’s modern art compares with historical art in regards to the body and the controversial factors surrounding it. Keeping within my main focus of the body – Do people find it less socially acceptable for a women to be heavily built as men? Is modern art in terms of its meanings any different from that of historical art and what it is trying to convey? When you look at some religious art for example, its content is filled heavily with graphic scenes of violence and also sexual content. Is this really anymore shocking than what we see today in modern society? Researching historical art and its content will help me greatly in developing my own ideas to create an innovative final project. I will take inspiration from controversial artists such as Jonathon Yeo who uses images of pornography to create his work and how it fits in today’s modern society. As a contrast to the work I will be creating I will also look more at artists like Jenny Saville who paints the physiques of overweight people, usually women and look at the differences. I will also look closely at artist Michael Leonard who paints beautifully realistic images of the male physique. His use of format in his paintings and how he positions the figures makes his artwork all the more intriguing.

           UAL Awarding Body – Foundation Unit 7 – Project Proposal

 

 

 

 

Section 3 : Evaluation ( approx. 100 words)
Evaluation

I feel as though I have made vast improvements since the beginning of the course. The progress which I have made I feel is apparent in the work have I produced recently in comparison to when I began the course. Life Art was excellent in helping me develop my techniques and learning new skills and improving old ones. However, there is still many aspects I need to focus on, for example, smaller details like, eyes, facial features and hands. The tutorials have inspired me to concentrate on my areas of weakness and carry out more in depth research on a variety of techniques and focus on artists who I can learn from and be influenced by. The tutors have been fantastic support and shown me a genuine interest in my work. Their guidance has enabled me to continue my own personal interests and express a part of myself through my work. Keeping a blog is a brilliant way of refreshing me on work I have done and research and also a practical way for people to keep up to date with my progress. Blogs are extremely useful and I can see their necessity is important for the course. Overall, I have thoroughly enjoyed the course and feel happy with the progress I have made. I am really excited to begin the research and work that will lead up to my final major project.

Proposed Research Sources and Bibliography (Harvard Format)
Project Action Plan and Timetable

Week

Date Week

Beginning

Activity / What you are intending to do – including independent study Resources / What you will need to do it – including access to workshops
 

 

   
 

 

   
 

 

   
 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

   
 

 

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Face Study

Because I have concentrated so much on the figure, I have neglected the more intricate parts of the human figure like the face, the eyes and the hands. Just before planning and preparing for my FMP and did do some hand studies and also of the eyes.

eyes1hand1hand2hand3eyes14eyes12eyes13eyes11

As part of my research and practical work I will do a lot of smaller studies to keep my skills fresh and techniques up. It is important to my work and because of what I am wanting to aim for in my FMP it is vital to my progression.
I want to create something more detailed than the work I did in units 5 and 6.

I took photos of some of my classmates and did some detailed drawings.

Ggeorgia

I did a side profile of Georgia and a detailed close up of one of her eyes. It is good practice for getting proportions correct and accurate. The techniques I use for drawing are what I have gained through life art and use them all the time.

charliecharles

I did a full portrait of Charlie. I used a normal HB pencil, a blender and a rubber. I really enjoyed doing this as portraits are not my specialty but I am quite pleased with the outcome. It is all very good practice and hopefully I will progress and improve greatly for when I do my final project.

hollyme

This is a self portrait which again I did really enjoy doing. I used the same method and materials as I did when drawing Charlie. It is not quite finished in this photo. I would like to use a different medium on this. Maybe collage for my hair as again it is not something I am too familiar with but I think it will create a great effect and contrast against the grey and white tones.
I love using pencils as I am very much more fond of black and white images instead of colour. Whilst doing the FAD course I haven’t used pencil as much as I thought so for my research and practical work I will do a lot more sketches in my sketch book.

life2life1

I feel that you can see my improvements through the work I have produced from the start of the course until now. I feel confident in drawing the figure. It comes more naturally to me than drawing someones face. But I think this is also down to the fact I really love drawing the figure. The human body is so interesting and also every single one is completely different. This major element makes work more diverse and original. That is why I feel it also important I use my own visual research to produce practical work as it original which makes it more personal and compelling.

Da Vinci

Da Vinci Female Face Study

Da Vinci, like many other artist, really captured the essence of the people in his work. In this period of The Renaissance, unless you were of regal or religious importance, women were not often the center of attention in a painting. However, despite their importance or lack of, he captured their emotions beautifully.

One of Da Vinci’s pieces that caught my attention is ‘Virgin of the Rocks’, also known as ‘Madoona of the Rocks’ It portrays a seemingly peaceful scene between the Virgin Mary, a young Christ and young St John. 

Michelangelo did two versions of this painting. The one on the left is the original which was created between 1483-86 and the right was done late on around around 1495. The are both extremely similar bar some slight difference. Personally I am more captivated by the later version. It is the angel to the the Madonna’s left that I find captivating. Her face is so exquisite and serene it is my favorite part of the painting. She sees to be so at peace she just looks so beautiful. Whereas the original version, the angel doesn’t seem quite so composed. To me she has a more stern look on her face and the finger she is pointing towards the children give the appearance that she is maybe reprimanding the the young Jesus and St John the Baptist.

Her angelic face seems to just be watching peacefully and unperturbed by what is going on. Just instead being a peace.

Some of Da Vinci’s face studies:

The most famous portrait of Da Vinci’s and also the world over, is of the Mona Lisa

I believe what makes this piece so intriguing is the mystery that surrounds the figure in the portrait. It has not always been known fully who she actually was. The rumors surrounding this work of art are rather questionable.

I think the colours contributed to its mystery, they are dark and rather misty looking. This will also be down to the age of the portrait and the fact that age is inevitable in all things and that means things will change. The background is subtle and would quite easily go unnoticed. But looking at it closely it looks like a mythological scene almost. Strange mountainous forms tower over winding rivers which could also be roads.

Sometimes it is hard to see why a painting like this would be so famous.

The Mona Lisa has only really gained its notoriety in the 20th century. It was stolen from The Louvre in France in 1911 and did in fact disappear for a few years. This would have contributed greatly to how famous it was to become.
What also makes it an intriguing piece is the expressions in her face.
Is she smiling? Is she happy? Does she appear sad?

It is hard to tell and I think this is what makes her more interesting because really she is just plain in her facial features and not completely feminine looking and lacks the beauty of most other portraits of the renaissance. It has been questioned if she is even a women at all!

Maybe Da Vinci pays indirect attention to her cleavage to show the viewer she is in fact a women despite her features not being so attractive and womanly.

Considering all this I feel the Mona Lisa owes thanks to the mystery Da Vinci created to her fame. It is down to a lot of personal onion more than anything and I think Leonardo would relish the attention she sparked all over the world.

Michelangelo’s David

‘David’ Created between 1501 and 1504

http://www.italian-renaissance-art.com/Michelangelo-David.html

Michelangelo’s David is actually one of my most favorite pieces of art world. I think it is a stunning piece which personifies the qualities of an idealized figure. The statue was originally made of marble and stands at an incredible 17 feet including the base he stands on. David is a representation of David form the biblical story of ‘David and Goliath’ just before his victory over Goliath. Michelangelo captures a heroic interpretation of David, his masculinity emanating gloriously. The way he creates specific muscle definition so intricately proves he most definitely would have used a real subject to help with his creation. This is a figure of idealized proportions. Something most of us would look at and see an image of perfection. The way David is positioned gives it such a human like quality as though it really was someone posing for a picture. This is way I think it is clear David has come from a real human subject. His facial expression is equally as important as his seemingly confident stance. I think his features express an underlying apprehension as he is about to take on Goliath while his body language gives the viewer a feeling of confidence, it does so without being complacent. He still expresses heroic qualities even though he is yet to defeat Goliath.

Michelangelo

‘The Creation’ is the world famous masterpiece created by Michelangelo which covers the ceilings of Rome’s Sistine Chapel. I am particular interested in ‘The Creation Of Adam’ and how Michelangelo perceives the first man created by the hands of God. He is the epitome of how we imagine the idealized figure. Very muscular and beautiful. I think Michelangelo wanted to capture the caliber of life through his vision of Adam and he did so wonderfully. It is a very elegant and captivation scene.

A small but important part of this particular iconic scene is the hands of God and the hands Adam. This particular part of Michelangelo’s masterpiece has been used hundreds of times all over the world and is one of the worlds most famous and important pieces of imagery. It is very powerful in a very subtle way. It is God the almighty creating the first man on Earth through the power of his hands. Whether you are religious or not and whatever meaning it hold fro each of us, it is still a powerful part of the ‘The Creation’ and Michelangelo really captures this.

Caravaggio

Caravaggio had a superb talent and his paintings are extremely life like. I think his talent was enabling the images to come to life using his skills and giving them human like qualities through the narratives in the scenes being depicted through the painting.
There was also a rather somber feel to most of his artwork. I think this was due to the heavy and dark backgrounds in his paintings. They give the artwork a kind of morose feeling, especially in the more  emotional images. The dark colours he uses reflect the feelings emanating from the paintings.
You definitely get this feeling from the following paintings.

‘Christ at the column’ (1607)

And also the famous ‘Seven Acts of Mercy’ below:

Both these images are very powerful and very though provoking and the harsh and dark colours demonstrate this in a compelling way.
The foreground image is very prominent because of this technique and I’m sure that is what Caravaggio intended.

Bacchus (1596-97)

Bacchus…God of the Grape Harvest and Wine

Bacchus’ semi naked form here is in no doubt innocent. I think Caravaggio intended this work to be an image of temptation. I think that the fruit laid out before him symbolizes the ‘forbidden fruit’ of Adam and Eve. Bacchus is either offering a delicious glass of wine or flirting with the idea of drinking it himself. The way his right torso is displayed in a casual manner is also suspicious. The white robe he is wearing could fall open at any moment if it weren’t from him keeping a loose grasp on the middle.
It was known that Caravaggio had a male lover and that he in fact used him in many of his paintings. I believe that there is no doubt that this is Caravaggio’s lover and that this particular painting would have been a delight for hi to create.

David with the head of Goliath (1605-1610)

Caravaggio’s version of David and Goliath is what I would consider as truer interpretation of the story and more socially acceptable in comparison to Donatello’s bronze nude.  Caravaggio displays David in a way which is more truer to the biblical story behind it and how David should be portrayed.
We can see David’s right upper torso and arm displaying a subtle but muscular physique. I think Caravaggio gives the viewer enough of David’s flesh to show he is a young man and not boyish like in Donatello’s version. David’s face is beautifully angelic and he appears quite calm and reserved. He is a perfect interpretation, much like Michelangelo’s marble version of David.
They are a complete contrast, one being a statue and one being a painting, however they are both exquisite pieces of artwork.

The Entombment of Christ (1603-1604)

Caravaggio very cleverly recreates the moment Jesus Christ is buried. It looks almost like a still from a film or theater. The captured movements of the figures in the image have a very theatrical feel, especially the women in the back who is very clearly distraught by the death of Christ.
It is clear from the painting that Christ is now dead and he is being carefully taken away to his tomb by the surrounding mourners. His body is lifeless and draped in white cloth as we know well enough from the Bible. Even though Jesus is dead, Caravaggio renders him in a way that still gives him his heavenly status. His muscular physique can be seen quite clearly, were it not for the white cloth to cover his modesty, the image leaves little to the imagination. However it is a very respectful piece of art that reflects brilliantly the peoples love for Jesus.
You can even see a wound underneath Jesus’ right underarm which indicates that this wouldn’t have been long after his cruel execution from the Jews.
Even though we are seeing an almost naked form in the image, it is no way of a sexual nature as is some other of Caravaggio’s artwork such as Bacchus.

As I have found during my research of historical artwork I have found that a great majority of it has an underlying sexual intention. It is more often than not in a very subtle way but it is there all the same. There will be some small gesture somewhere implying sex in someway.
I believe that this is because in the days of Donatello, Da Vinci, Caravaggio and so on, sex was an extremely taboo subject, the naked body was was seen as ungodly and foul, something which was seen as devilish and unclean, especially by the church. And in a era which was ruled by religion it was definitely not something to be displayed openly in a sexual way. Religious art can often have naked bodies, scenes of violence and also scenes of a sexual nature, but not in a celebratory way, but to show its ungodliness and its evilness.
So, therefore these artists would have relished in their subtle hints towards sex within their work as they could get away with it quite easily.

Research

Initially I will be conducting a lot of research.
My preliminary research will begin with historical art and looking at how the body was portrayed and rendered by different artists of that era.
The Italian Renaissance saw the rise of a new era of art and I will look closely at this and how it seemed most artists had an underlying sexual theme running through their work.
Subtle hints suggested a sexual theme throughout the arts and it saw an innovative and brave move by the artists themselves.
Looking back through historical art will help me greatly in developing my own ideas and seeing how the human figure was seen compared to now.
I will also compare the work of the artists in terms of how they presented their work and how it reflected on their own personal lives.